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Frequently asked questions about travel to Kenya / Tanzania.

When is the best time of year to visit Kenya and Tanzania for Safari Holidays?
Kenya and Tanzania are great year-round destinations. July through August and the month of December are the busiest times in Kenya and Tanzania. Kenya Lodges and Kenya parks can be crowded with tourists and reservations often must be made six, eight, even nine months in advance. July and August also happen to be the best time to catch the Wildebeest Migration in the Masai Mara.
Seasonal rains hit hardest from March to May (with lighter rains falling October to December). During these months things are much quieter – lodges and camps generally have rooms available and prices may decrease. The rains generally don’t affect travelers’ ability to get around, though the tracks within the parks, particularly Amboseli, can become muddy and rutted.
January and February are wonderful months to visit East Africa since the hot, dry weather is considered by many to be East Africa’s most pleasant. It’s also the time of year when bird life flocks to the Rift Valley lakes in the greatest numbers, attracting bird-watchers from around the globe.

Best time to visit Kenya for the Wildebeest Migration Masai Mara:
One of Kenya's greatest attractions is the annual wildebeest migration between Serengeti National Park in Tanzania and Masai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. This takes place between June and September, but can vary from year to year and is a must see for visitors on a Kenya safari.

What is the weather like in Kenya and Tanzania?
Kenya straddles the equator, and Tanzania is not far south, so both countries enjoy a tropical climate. The coasts are hot and humid, while the inland areas are generally temperate (due to the altitude). The northern parts of Kenya are very hot and dry. The average annual temperature in Nairobi (altitude 4,980 feet) is 77°F maximum and 56°F minimum. The coastal town of Mombasa (altitude 50 feet) is 86oF maximum and 73oF minimum.
There is plenty of sunshine throughout the year and summer clothes are appropriate year round. Nights and mornings can be quite cool. The long rains occur from March to May and short rains occur November and December. The rainfall is sometimes heavy and when it does come it often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The hottest period is from February to March and coolest is July to August.

Is it safe to travel to Kenya and Tanzania?
Tanzania especially and Kenya are some of the safest East African countries. The people are generally friendly and will not be rude towards you. However, just as any country, you have to be cautious of your surroundings. Few safety precautions should be taken, such as going in groups, not walking in isolated or dark areas, and not accepting food or drinks from strangers. Avoid wearing flashy jewelry or loosely carrying purses or cameras. Use your best judgment as you would traveling in any country. Tourism is critical to the economies of East Africa, and both governments are committed to ensuring the safety of tourists in the parks and on the roads.

When does the famous wildebeest migration take place?
Always; the annual wildebeest migration never ends. The herds roam the grasslands and rolling hills of Tanzania and Kenya in a great counter-clockwise loop. Their travels carry them from their breeding grounds in the southern reaches of Serengeti National Park in Tanzania to their summer foraging grounds in Kenya’s Maasai Mara Reserve and back again, over and over. The massive herds, nearly two million wildebeest, zebras, antelopes, and gazelles, generally begin crossing the Mara River into Kenya and the Mara Triangle in late July and begin the return march in late September. During the rest of the year, the herd can be seen in different parts of the massive Serengeti National Park.

How many other people will be on the safari?
Only members of your group will be on safari with you. Groups must consist of a minimum of two travelers. Minivans carry a maximum of six passengers, while 4x4 safari jeeps carry four to guarantee window seats.

What shots do I need before I travel?
The Kenyan government only requires immunization against yellow fever. However, in addition, we recommend immunization against malaria. Be sure to consult your family doctor and ask if he or she recommends any additional immunizations or shots for you or your family. For detailed, up-to-the-minute information on immunizations, shots, and health and safety advisories for travelers, visit the Centers for Disease Control Traveler’s Health website.

Should I bring my children to Kenya /Tanzania? Is it safe for them?
Tanzania and Kenya are terrific destinations for families and a kenya safari is an amazing experience to share with children, particularly those who are already enchanted by Africa and its wildlife. If you're considering taking young children, however, you should ask yourself if both you and your child can deal with the… complications of travel. For children, especially young children, Kenya and Tanzania can be a mixture of fun and tedium . Also, be sure to speak with your doctor about any health-related concerns related to bringing your child to Africa.

How many hours does the flight to Kenya/Tanzania take from the United States?
Most flights from the United States stop in London or Amsterdam on their way to Nairobi, Kenya. A flight from New York to Amsterdam/London is seven hours or so. Amsterdam/London to Nairobi/Kilimanjaro is eight-and-a-half-hours. Total flight time with no layovers is fifteen to sixteen hours.

Do I need a visa?
A visa is required to enter both Tanzania and Kenya. Obtain a visa in advance from the Kenyan or Tanzanian embassy.

Do I have to pay a departure tax at the airport?
Like most international destinations, Tanzania and Kenya charge an airport departure tax for all international flights. The tax of $50 may or may not be included in the airline ticket price; confirm with your airline. If it is not included, visitors must pay the tax in cash at the airport upon arrival. Departure taxes can be paid in local currency or US dollars.

Is tipping required in Tanzania and Kenya?
Most major hotels and restaurants include a service charge in the price of the service. Tipping is not obligatory and is entirely at your discretion. Porters at airports, hotels or lodges may be tipped $1.00 per piece of baggage. A gratuity of 10% is customary at restaurants and bars where a service charge is not included.
Note that on safaris, tips are considered part of a guide/driver’s pay. A tip for your guide of $5.00 per person per day is appropriate.

What currency do they use in Kenya? Tanzania?
Kenyan Shilling (KSH) and Tanzanian Shilling (TSH). US dollars are widely accepted. In fact, guides and service staff prefer to receive gratuities in US dollars.

What’s the exchange rate?
Currency exchange calculators are widely available online.

Will I be able to use my electrical equipment while on safari?
The local electricity supply is 220/240 volts AC, 50HZ. Plugs are 3 point square. North American travelers planning to bring their 110/120 volt video camera chargers or other electrical devices should also bring voltage and socket adapters. Major hotels usually provide hair dryers, irons and other small electric appliances upon request.

Will my cell phone work in East Africa?
If your cell phone is GSM compatible, your phone will connect to Kenya’s cellular system. Service in the cities and near major roads is generally reliable. Service is spotty elsewhere.
Those with GSM compatible phones that employ “swappable” SIM cards should consider purchasing a pre-paid SIM card which converts the phone to a local service account. This is a much more affordable option than paying roaming charges and international rates on your home cellular account.

Do people speak English in Tanzania and Kenya?
English is the “language of communication” in Tanzania and Kenya. It is widely spoken in hotels, restaurants, and visitor establishments.
Swahili is the national language in both Tanzania and Kenya, and a little Swahili goes a long way. Try to learn a little before your trip, and try top pick up a little more while on safari. Don’t worry about your accent; the locals are thrilled to hear visitors attempt to use any Swahili at all. To get you started, “jambo” means hello. You’ll be hearing it often.

What are the accommodations like?

The best way to learn more about our camps and lodges is to review the detailed day-to-day itineraries. Each day on the itinerary includes a link to a detailed description of the lodge or camp – just click on the link to learn more. Lodges and camps range from simple and clean to elegant and refined.

What are the meals like?
Meals (generally breakfast, lunch, and dinner) are primarily European style buffets with African influences.

What kind of vehicle will we be traveling in?
Our classic safari vehicle is a purpose built six-seat minivan specially designed for the terrain. It comes complete with a pop-up roof for easy game viewing and plenty of windows for unobstructed views of the landscape. Four-wheel drive vehicles are also available.

What Kind of Baggage can we take on Safari ?
Baggage allowance for domestic flights is 15kgs per person including hand luggage. Soft-sided luggage or duffels are preferable to hard luggage for storage on safari vehicles and aircrafts used within East Africa. Large suitcases of dimensions greater than 24"x 17"x 7" are impossible to store in vehicles and on aircraft and should not be used. (Baggage and personal effects are at owner's risk throughout the tour and baggage insurance for members is strongly advised).

What to wear in Kenya - dress code and etiquette
If you are going to Kenya for a vacation, holiday, safari or leisure, bring light-to-moderate casual wear such as cargo pants, jeans, cotton shirts and the like. The dress code in Kenyan culture is conservative. Also, many Kenyans adhere to different cultural, religious and customary dress styles. Jeans and decent tops/blouses for ladies are perfect. If you are going for business, you can keep it business-casual, however, business suits, tie and formal wear are preferred. Swimsuits are acceptable at the beach but not in public places.

Evening Wear: Kenyans dress up for special occasions, especially when going out clubbing/dancing, to church, to sporting and other events or out to dinner. In some restaurants and clubs, you will probably be fine wearing shorts and a t-shirt, but if you are considering dining at one of the more up-scale restaurants or having a social night out, you may want to show off your nicer clothing and join the party!

Etiquette: Kenyans are very humble, friendly and social people. Hand-shaking is a cultural greeting gesture and you are always welcome to strike a conversation with the person next to you. Just remember to respect Kenya's customs and culture in whatever you do and you will enjoy a pleasant relationship with its people.